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It can be viewed as a force acting between two people that tends to draw them together and resist their separation.
When measuring interpersonal attraction, one must refer to the qualities of the attracted as well as the qualities of the attractor to achieve predictive accuracy.
points out that similarity is a crucial determinant of interpersonal attraction.
Studies about attraction indicate that people are strongly attracted to lookalikes in physical and social appearance ("like attracts like").
Students then rated the women for perceived familiarity, attractiveness and similarity at the end of the term.
Results indicated a strong effect of exposure on attraction that was mediated by the effect of exposure on familiarity.
The perceived similarity is either self-serving, as in a friendship, or relationship-serving, as in a romantic relationship.
In a 1963 study, Theodore Newcomb pointed out that people tend to change perceived similarity to obtain balance in a relationship.
The propinquity effect relies on the observed fact: "The more we see and interact with a person, the more likely he or she is to become our friend or sexual partner." This effect is very similar to the mere exposure effect in that the more a person is exposed to a stimulus, the more the person likes it; however, there are exceptions.
As mentioned above, the mere exposure effect, also known as the familiarity principle, states that the more someone is exposed to something, the more they come to like it. A clear illustration is in a 1992 study: the researchers had four women of similar appearance attend a large college course over a semester such that each woman attended a different number of sessions (0, 5, 10, or 15).
Penton-Voak, Perrett and Peirce (1999) found that subjects rated the pictures with their own face morphed into it as more attractive.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating